To wrap up Earth Science Week it seemed appropriate to mention the pioneering geologist and professor, Florence Bascom.
When she got her doctorate in geology in 1893, Bascom was the first woman to obtain a doctorate from Johns Hopkins.
She was the second woman to have a PhD in geology in the United States. (The first was Mary Emilee Holmes, University of Michigan, 1888.*) She is also credited with being the first woman to be hired by the United States Geological Service, the first woman to present a scientific paper at the Geological Society of Washington, and the first female officer of the Geological Society of America.